consult.el - Consulting completing-read

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consult.el - Consulting completing-read

Consult provides search and navigation commands based on the Emacs completion function completing-read. Completion allows you to quickly select an item from a list of candidates. Consult offers asynchronous and interactive ‘consult-grep’ and ‘consult-ripgrep’ commands, and the line-based search command ‘consult-line’. Furthermore Consult provides an advanced buffer switching command ‘consult-buffer’ to switch between buffers, recently opened files, bookmarks and buffer-like candidates from other sources. Some of the Consult commands are enhanced versions of built-in Emacs commands. For example the command ‘consult-imenu’ presents a flat list of the Imenu with live preview, grouping and narrowing. Please take a look at the full list of commands.

Consult is fully compatible with completion systems centered around the standard Emacs ‘completing-read’ API, notably the default completion system, Vertico, Mct, and Icomplete.

This package keeps the completion system specifics to a minimum. The ability of the Consult commands to work well with arbitrary completion systems is one of the main advantages of the package. Consult fits well into existing setups and it helps you to create a full completion environment out of small and independent components.

You can combine the complementary packages Marginalia, Embark and Orderless with Consult. Marginalia enriches the completion display with annotations, e.g., documentation strings or file information. The versatile Embark package provides local actions, comparable to a context menu. These actions operate on the selected candidate in the minibuffer or at point in normal buffers. For example, when selecting from a list of files, Embark offers an action to delete the file. Additionally Embark offers a facility to collect completion candidates in a collect buffer. The section Embark integration documents in detail how Consult and Embark work together.

Table of Contents

1 Available commands

Most Consult commands follow the meaningful naming scheme ‘consult-<thing>’. Many commands implement a little known but convenient Emacs feature called "future history", which guesses what input the user wants. At a command prompt type ‘M-n’ and typically Consult will insert the symbol or thing at point into the input.

TIP: If you have Marginalia annotators activated, type ‘M-x ^consult’ to see all Consult commands with their abbreviated description. Alternatively, type ‘C-h a ^consult’ to get an overview of all Consult variables and functions with their descriptions.

1.1 Virtual Buffers

  • consult-buffer’: Enhanced version of ‘switch-to-buffer’ with support for virtual buffers. Supports live preview of buffers and narrowing to the virtual buffer types. You can type ‘f SPC’ in order to narrow to recent files. Press ‘SPC’ to show ephemeral buffers. Supported narrowing keys:
    • b Buffers
    • SPC Hidden buffers
    • * Modified buffers
    • f Files (Requires ‘recentf-mode’)
    • r File registers
    • m Bookmarks
    • p Project
    • Custom other sources configured in ‘consult-buffer-sources’.
  • consult-buffer-other-window’, ‘consult-buffer-other-frame’, ‘consult-buffer-other-tab’: Variants of ‘consult-buffer’.
  • consult-project-buffer’: Variant of ‘consult-buffer’ restricted to buffers and recent files of the current project. You can add custom sources to ‘consult-project-buffer-sources’. The command may prompt you for a project if you invoke it from outside a project.
  • consult-bookmark’: Select or create bookmark. To select bookmarks you might use the ‘consult-buffer’ as an alternative, which can include a bookmark virtual buffer source. Note that ‘consult-bookmark’ supports preview of bookmarks and narrowing.
  • consult-recent-file’: Select from recent files with preview. You might prefer the powerful ‘consult-buffer’ instead, which can include recent files as a virtual buffer source. The ‘recentf-mode’ enables tracking of recent files.

1.2 Editing

  • consult-yank-from-kill-ring’: Enhanced version of ‘yank’ to select an item from the ‘kill-ring’. The selected text previewed as overlay in the buffer.
  • consult-yank-pop’: Enhanced version of ‘yank-pop’ with DWIM-behavior, which either replaces the last ‘yank’ by cycling through the ‘kill-ring’, or if there has not been a last ‘yank’ consults the ‘kill-ring’. The selected text previewed as overlay in the buffer.
  • consult-yank-replace’: Like ‘consult-yank-pop’, but always replaces the last ‘yank’ with an item from the ‘kill-ring’.
  • consult-kmacro’: Select macro from the macro ring and execute it.

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1.3 Register

  • consult-register’: Select from list of registers. The command supports narrowing to register types and preview of marker positions. This command is useful to search the register contents. For quick access use the commands ‘consult-register-load’, ‘consult-register-store’ or the built-in Emacs register commands.
  • consult-register-format’: Set ‘register-preview-function’ to this function for an enhanced register formatting. See the example configuration.
  • consult-register-window’: Replace ‘register-preview’ with this function for a better register window. See the example configuration.
  • consult-register-load’: Utility command to quickly load a register. The command either jumps to the register value or inserts it.
  • consult-register-store’: Improved UI to store registers depending on the current context with an action menu. With an active region, store/append/prepend the contents, optionally deleting the region when a prefix argument is given. With a numeric prefix argument, store/add the number. Otherwise store point, frameset, window or kmacro. Usage examples:
    • M-' x’: If no region is active, store point in register ‘x’. If a region is active, store the region in register ‘x’.
    • M-' M-w x’: Store window configuration in register ‘x’.
    • C-u 100 M-' x’: Store number in register ‘x’.

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1.6 Grep and Find

  • consult-grep’, ‘consult-ripgrep’, ‘consult-git-grep’: Search for regular expression in files. Consult invokes Grep asynchronously, while you enter the search term. After at least ‘consult-async-min-input’ characters, the search gets started. Consult splits the input string into two parts, if the first character is a punctuation character, like ‘#’. For example ‘#regexps#filter-string’, is split at the second ‘#’. The string ‘regexps’ is passed to Grep. Note that Consult transforms Emacs regular expressions to expressions understand by the search program. Always use Emacs regular expressions at the prompt. If you enter multiple regular expressions separated by space only lines matching all regular expressions are shown. In order to match space literally, escape the space with a backslash. The ‘filter-string’ is passed to the fast Emacs filtering to further narrow down the list of matches. This is particularly useful if you are using an advanced completion style like orderless. ‘consult-grep’ supports preview. If the ‘consult-project-function’ returns non-nil, ‘consult-grep’ searches the current project directory. Otherwise the ‘default-directory’ is searched. If ‘consult-grep’ is invoked with prefix argument ‘C-u M-s g’, you can specify one or more comma-separated files and directories manually.
  • consult-find’, ‘consult-fd’, ‘consult-locate’: Find file by matching the path against a regexp. Like for ‘consult-grep’, either the project root or the current directory is the root directory for the search. The input string is treated similarly to ‘consult-grep’, where the first part is passed to find, and the second part is used for Emacs filtering. Prefix arguments to ‘consult-find’ work just like those for the consult grep commands.

1.7 Compilation

  • consult-compile-error’: Jump to a compilation error. Supports live preview narrowing and recursive editing.
  • consult-flymake’: Jump to Flymake diagnostic. Supports live preview and recursive editing. The command supports narrowing. Press ‘e SPC’, ‘w SPC’, ‘n SPC’ to only show errors, warnings and notes respectively.
  • consult-xref’: Integration with xref. This function can be set as ‘xref-show-xrefs-function’ and ‘xref-show-definitions-function’.

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1.8 Histories

  • consult-complex-command’: Select a command from the ‘command-history’. This command is a ‘completing-read’ version of ‘repeat-complex-command’ and is also a replacement for the ‘command-history’ command from chistory.el.
  • consult-history’: Insert a string from the current buffer history, for example the Eshell or Comint history. You can also invoke this command from the minibuffer. In that case ‘consult-history’ uses the history stored in the ‘minibuffer-history-variable’. If you prefer ‘completion-at-point’, take a look at ‘cape-history’ from the Cape package.
  • consult-isearch-history’: During an Isearch session, this command picks a search string from history and continues the search with the newly selected string. Outside of Isearch, the command allows you to pick a string from the history and starts a new Isearch. ‘consult-isearch-history’ acts as a drop-in replacement for ‘isearch-edit-string’.

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1.9 Modes

  • consult-minor-mode-menu’: Enable/disable minor mode. Supports narrowing to on/off/local/global modes by pressing ‘i/o/l/g SPC’ respectively.
  • consult-mode-command’: Run a command from the currently active minor or major modes. Supports narrowing to local-minor/global-minor/major mode via the keys ‘l/g/m’.

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1.10 Org Mode

  • consult-org-heading’: Variant of ‘consult-imenu’ or ‘consult-outline’ for Org buffers. The headline and its ancestors headlines are separated by slashes. Supports narrowing by heading level, priority and TODO keyword, as well as live preview and recursive editing.
  • consult-org-agenda’: Jump to an Org agenda heading. Supports narrowing by heading level, priority and TODO keyword, as well as live preview and recursive editing.

1.11 Help

  • consult-man’: Find Unix man page, via Unix ‘apropos’ or ‘man -k’. ‘consult-man’ opens the selected man page using the Emacs ‘man’ command.
  • consult-info’: Full text search through info pages. If the command is invoked from within an *info* buffer, it will search through the current manual. You may want to create your own commands which search through a predefined set of info pages, for example:
(defun consult-info-emacs ()
  "Search through Emacs info pages."
  (consult-info "emacs" "efaq" "elisp" "cl" "compat"))

(defun consult-info-org ()
  "Search through the Org info page."
  (consult-info "org"))

(defun consult-info-completion ()
  "Search through completion info pages."
  (consult-info "vertico" "consult" "marginalia" "orderless" "embark"
                "corfu" "cape" "tempel"))

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1.12 Miscellaneous

  • consult-theme’: Select a theme and disable all currently enabled themes. Supports live preview of the theme while scrolling through the candidates.
  • consult-preview-at-point’ and ‘consult-preview-at-point-mode’: Command and minor mode which previews the candidate at point in the ‘*Completions*’ buffer. This mode is relevant if you use Mct or the default ‘*Completions*’ UI.
  • consult-completion-in-region’: In case you don’t use Corfu as your in-buffer completion UI, this function can be set as ‘completion-in-region-function’. Then your minibuffer completion UI (e.g., Vertico or Icomplete) will be used for ‘completion-at-point’.
    ;; Use `consult-completion-in-region' if Vertico is enabled.
    ;; Otherwise use the default `completion--in-region' function.
    (setq completion-in-region-function
          (lambda (&rest args)
            (apply (if vertico-mode

    Instead of ‘consult-completion-in-region’, you may prefer to see the completions directly in the buffer as a small popup. In that case, I recommend the Corfu package. There is a technical limitation of ‘consult-completion-in-region’ in combination with the Lsp modes. The Lsp server relies on the input at point, in order to generate refined candidate strings. Since the completion is transferred from the original buffer to the minibuffer, the server does not receive the updated input. In contrast, in-buffer Lsp completion for example via Corfu works properly since the completion takes place directly in the original buffer.

2 Special features

Consult enhances ‘completing-read’ with live previews of candidates, additional narrowing capabilities to candidate groups and asynchronously generated candidate lists. The internal ‘consult--read’ function, which is used by most Consult commands, is a thin wrapper around ‘completing-read’ and provides the special functionality. In order to support multiple candidate sources there exists the high-level function ‘consult--multi’. The architecture of Consult allows it to work with different completion systems in the backend, while still offering advanced features.

2.1 Live previews

Some Consult commands support live previews. For example when you scroll through the items of ‘consult-line’, the buffer will scroll to the corresponding position. It is possible to jump back and forth between the minibuffer and the buffer to perform recursive editing while the search is ongoing.

Consult enables previews by default. You can disable them by adjusting the ‘consult-preview-key’ variable. Furthermore it is possible to specify keybindings which trigger the preview manually as shown in the example configuration. The default setting of ‘consult-preview-key’ is ‘any’ which means that Consult triggers the preview immediately on any key press when the selected candidate changes. You can configure each command individually with its own ‘:preview-key’. The following settings are possible:

  • Automatic and immediate ‘'any
  • Automatic and delayed ‘(list :debounce 0.5 'any)
  • Manual and immediate ‘"M-."
  • Manual and delayed ‘(list :debounce 0.5 "M-.")
  • Disabled ‘nil

A safe recommendation is to leave automatic immediate previews enabled in general and disable the automatic preview only for commands where the preview may be expensive due to file loading. Internally, Consult uses the value of ‘this-command’ to determine the ‘:preview-key’ customized. This means that if you wrap a ‘consult-*’ command within your own function or command, you will also need to add the name of your custom command to the ‘consult-customize’ call in order for it to be considered.

 consult-ripgrep consult-git-grep consult-grep
 consult-bookmark consult-recent-file consult-xref
 consult--source-bookmark consult--source-file-register
 consult--source-recent-file consult--source-project-recent-file
 ;; my/command-wrapping-consult    ;; disable auto previews inside my command
 :preview-key '(:debounce 0.4 any) ;; Option 1: Delay preview
 ;; :preview-key "M-.")            ;; Option 2: Manual preview

In this case one may wonder what the difference is between using an Embark action on the current candidate in comparison to a manually triggered preview. The main difference is that the files opened by manual preview are closed again after the completion session. During preview some functionality is disabled to improve the performance, see for example the customization variables ‘consult-preview-variables’ and ‘consult-preview-allowed-hooks’. Only the hooks listed in ‘consult-preview-allowed-hooks’ are executed when a file is opened (‘find-file-hook’). In order to enable additional font locking during preview, add the corresponding hooks to the allow list. The following code demonstrates this for org-modern and hl-todo.

(add-to-list 'consult-preview-allowed-hooks 'global-org-modern-mode-check-buffers)
(add-to-list 'consult-preview-allowed-hooks 'global-hl-todo-mode-check-buffers)

Files larger than ‘consult-preview-partial-size’ are previewed partially. Delaying the preview is also useful for ‘consult-theme’, since the theme preview is slow. The delay results in a smoother UI experience.

;; Preview on any key press, but delay 0.5s
(consult-customize consult-theme :preview-key '(:debounce 0.5 any))
;; Preview immediately on M-., on up/down after 0.5s, on any other key after 1s
(consult-customize consult-theme
                     :debounce 0.5 "<up>" "<down>"
                     :debounce 1 any))

2.2 Narrowing and grouping

Consult has special support for candidate groups. If the completion UI supports the grouping functionality, the UI separates the groups with thin lines and shows group titles. Grouping is useful if the list of candidates consists of candidates of multiple types or candidates from multiple sources, like the ‘consult-buffer’ command, which shows both buffers and recently opened files. Note that you can disable the group titles by setting the ‘:group’ property of the corresponding command to nil using the ‘consult-customize’ macro.

By entering a narrowing prefix or by pressing a narrowing key it is possible to restrict the completion candidates to a certain candidate group. When you use the ‘consult-buffer’ command, you can enter the prefix ‘b SPC’ to restrict list of candidates to buffers only. If you press ‘DEL’ afterwards, the full candidate list will be shown again. Furthermore a narrowing prefix key and a widening key can be configured which can be pressed to achieve the same effect, see the configuration variables ‘consult-narrow-key’ and ‘consult-widen-key’.

After pressing ‘consult-narrow-key’, the possible narrowing keys can be shown by pressing ‘C-h’. When pressing ‘C-h’ after some prefix key, the ‘prefix-help-command’ is invoked, which shows the keybinding help window by default. As a more compact alternative, there is the ‘consult-narrow-help’ command which can be bound to a key, for example ‘?’ or ‘C-h’ in the ‘consult-narrow-map’, as shown in the example configuration. If which-key is installed, the narrowing keys are automatically shown in the which-key window after pressing the ‘consult-narrow-key’.

2.4 Multiple sources

Multiple synchronous candidate sources can be combined. This feature is used by the ‘consult-buffer’ command to present buffer-like candidates in a single menu for quick access. By default ‘consult-buffer’ includes buffers, bookmarks, recent files and project-specific buffers and files. It is possible to configure the list of sources via the ‘consult-buffer-sources’ variable. Arbitrary custom sources can be defined.

As an example, the bookmark source is defined as follows:

(defvar consult--source-bookmark
  `(:name     "Bookmark"
    :narrow   ?m
    :category bookmark
    :face     consult-bookmark
    :history  bookmark-history
    :items    ,#'bookmark-all-names
    :action   ,#'consult--bookmark-action))

Required source fields:

  • :category’ Completion category.
  • :items’ List of strings to select from or function returning list of strings. A list of cons cells is not supported.

Optional source fields:

  • :name’ Name of the source, used for narrowing, group titles and annotations.
  • :narrow’ Narrowing character or ‘(character . string)’ pair.
  • :preview-key’ Preview key or keys which trigger preview.
  • :enabled’ Function which must return t if the source is enabled.
  • :hidden’ When t candidates of this source are hidden by default.
  • :face’ Face used for highlighting the candidates.
  • :annotate’ Annotation function called for each candidate, returns string.
  • :history’ Name of history variable to add selected candidate.
  • :default’ Must be t if the first item of the source is the default value.
  • :action’ Function called with the selected candidate.
  • :new’ Function called with new candidate name, only if ‘:require-match’ is nil.
  • :state’ State constructor for the source, must return the state function.
  • Other source fields can be added specifically to the use case.

The ‘:state’ and ‘:action’ fields of the sources deserve a longer explanation. The ‘:action’ function takes a single argument and is only called after selection with the selected candidate, if the selection has not been aborted. This functionality is provided for convenience and easy definition of sources. The ‘:state’ field is more general. The ‘:state’ function is a constructor function without arguments, which can perform some setup necessary for the preview. It must return a closure which takes an ACTION and a CANDIDATE argument. See the docstring of ‘consult--with-preview’ for more details about the ACTION argument.

By default, ‘consult-buffer’ previews buffers, bookmarks and files. Loading recent files or bookmarks can result in expensive operations. However it is possible to configure a manual preview as follows.

 consult--source-bookmark consult--source-file-register
 consult--source-recent-file consult--source-project-recent-file
 :preview-key "M-.")

Sources can be added directly to the ‘consult-buffer-source’ list for convenience. For example, the following source lists all Org buffers and lets you create new ones.

(defvar org-source
  (list :name     "Org Buffer"
        :category 'buffer
        :narrow   ?o
        :face     'consult-buffer
        :history  'buffer-name-history
        :state    #'consult--buffer-state
        (lambda (name)
          (with-current-buffer (get-buffer-create name)
            (insert "#+title: " name "\n\n")
            (consult--buffer-action (current-buffer))))
        (lambda ()
          (consult--buffer-query :mode 'org-mode :as #'buffer-name))))

(add-to-list 'consult-buffer-sources 'org-source 'append)

One can create similar sources for other major modes. See the Consult wiki for many additional source examples. See also the documentation of ‘consult-buffer’ and of the internal ‘consult--multi’ API. The function ‘consult--multi’ can be used to create new multi-source commands.

2.5 Embark integration

NOTE: Install the ‘embark-consult’ package from MELPA, which provides Consult-specific Embark actions and the Occur buffer export.

Embark is a versatile package which offers context dependent actions, comparable to a context menu. See the Embark manual for an extensive description of its capabilities.

Actions are commands which can operate on the currently selected candidate (or target in Embark terminology). When completing files, for example the ‘delete-file’ command is offered. With Embark you can execute arbitrary commands on the currently selected candidate via ‘M-x’.

Furthermore Embark provides the ‘embark-collect’ command, which collects candidates and presents them in an Embark collect buffer, where further actions can be applied to them. A related feature is the ‘embark-export’ command, which exports candidate lists to a buffer of a special type. For example in the case of file completion, a Dired buffer is opened.

In the context of Consult, particularly exciting is the possibility to export the matching lines from ‘consult-line’, ‘consult-outline’, ‘consult-mark’ and ‘consult-global-mark’. The matching lines are exported to an Occur buffer where they can be edited via the ‘occur-edit-mode’ (press key ‘e’). Similarly, Embark supports exporting the matches found by ‘consult-grep’, ‘consult-ripgrep’ and ‘consult-git-grep’ to a Grep buffer, where the matches across files can be edited, if the wgrep package is installed. These three workflows are symmetric.

  • consult-line’ -> ‘embark-export’ to ‘occur-mode’ buffer -> ‘occur-edit-mode’ for editing of matches in buffer.
  • consult-grep’ -> ‘embark-export’ to ‘grep-mode’ buffer -> ‘wgrep’ for editing of all matches.
  • consult-find’ -> ‘embark-export’ to ‘dired-mode’ buffer -> ‘wdired-change-to-wdired-mode’ for editing.

3 Configuration

Consult can be installed from ELPA or MELPA via the Emacs built-in package manager. Alternatively it can be directly installed from the development repository via other non-standard package managers.

There is the Consult wiki, where additional configuration examples can be contributed.

IMPORTANT: It is recommended that you enable lexical binding in your configuration. Many Consult-related code snippets require lexical binding, since they use lambdas and closures.

3.1 Use-package example

The Consult package only provides commands and does not add any keybindings or modes. Therefore the package is non-intrusive but requires a little setup effort. In order to use the Consult commands, it is advised to add keybindings for commands which are accessed often. Rarely used commands can be invoked via ‘M-x’. Feel free to only bind the commands you consider useful to your workflow. The configuration shown here relies on the ‘use-package’ macro, which is a convenient tool to manage package configurations.

NOTE: There is the Consult wiki, where you can contribute additional configuration examples.

;; Example configuration for Consult
(use-package consult
  ;; Replace bindings. Lazily loaded due by `use-package'.
  :bind (;; C-c bindings in `mode-specific-map'
         ("C-c M-x" . consult-mode-command)
         ("C-c h" . consult-history)
         ("C-c k" . consult-kmacro)
         ("C-c m" . consult-man)
         ("C-c i" . consult-info)
         ([remap Info-search] . consult-info)
         ;; C-x bindings in `ctl-x-map'
         ("C-x M-:" . consult-complex-command)     ;; orig. repeat-complex-command
         ("C-x b" . consult-buffer)                ;; orig. switch-to-buffer
         ("C-x 4 b" . consult-buffer-other-window) ;; orig. switch-to-buffer-other-window
         ("C-x 5 b" . consult-buffer-other-frame)  ;; orig. switch-to-buffer-other-frame
         ("C-x t b" . consult-buffer-other-tab)    ;; orig. switch-to-buffer-other-tab
         ("C-x r b" . consult-bookmark)            ;; orig. bookmark-jump
         ("C-x p b" . consult-project-buffer)      ;; orig. project-switch-to-buffer
         ;; Custom M-# bindings for fast register access
         ("M-#" . consult-register-load)
         ("M-'" . consult-register-store)          ;; orig. abbrev-prefix-mark (unrelated)
         ("C-M-#" . consult-register)
         ;; Other custom bindings
         ("M-y" . consult-yank-pop)                ;; orig. yank-pop
         ;; M-g bindings in `goto-map'
         ("M-g e" . consult-compile-error)
         ("M-g f" . consult-flymake)               ;; Alternative: consult-flycheck
         ("M-g g" . consult-goto-line)             ;; orig. goto-line
         ("M-g M-g" . consult-goto-line)           ;; orig. goto-line
         ("M-g o" . consult-outline)               ;; Alternative: consult-org-heading
         ("M-g m" . consult-mark)
         ("M-g k" . consult-global-mark)
         ("M-g i" . consult-imenu)
         ("M-g I" . consult-imenu-multi)
         ;; M-s bindings in `search-map'
         ("M-s d" . consult-find)                  ;; Alternative: consult-fd
         ("M-s c" . consult-locate)
         ("M-s g" . consult-grep)
         ("M-s G" . consult-git-grep)
         ("M-s r" . consult-ripgrep)
         ("M-s l" . consult-line)
         ("M-s L" . consult-line-multi)
         ("M-s k" . consult-keep-lines)
         ("M-s u" . consult-focus-lines)
         ;; Isearch integration
         ("M-s e" . consult-isearch-history)
         :map isearch-mode-map
         ("M-e" . consult-isearch-history)         ;; orig. isearch-edit-string
         ("M-s e" . consult-isearch-history)       ;; orig. isearch-edit-string
         ("M-s l" . consult-line)                  ;; needed by consult-line to detect isearch
         ("M-s L" . consult-line-multi)            ;; needed by consult-line to detect isearch
         ;; Minibuffer history
         :map minibuffer-local-map
         ("M-s" . consult-history)                 ;; orig. next-matching-history-element
         ("M-r" . consult-history))                ;; orig. previous-matching-history-element

  ;; Enable automatic preview at point in the *Completions* buffer. This is
  ;; relevant when you use the default completion UI.
  :hook (completion-list-mode . consult-preview-at-point-mode)

  ;; The :init configuration is always executed (Not lazy)

  ;; Optionally configure the register formatting. This improves the register
  ;; preview for `consult-register', `consult-register-load',
  ;; `consult-register-store' and the Emacs built-ins.
  (setq register-preview-delay 0.5
        register-preview-function #'consult-register-format)

  ;; Optionally tweak the register preview window.
  ;; This adds thin lines, sorting and hides the mode line of the window.
  (advice-add #'register-preview :override #'consult-register-window)

  ;; Use Consult to select xref locations with preview
  (setq xref-show-xrefs-function #'consult-xref
        xref-show-definitions-function #'consult-xref)

  ;; Configure other variables and modes in the :config section,
  ;; after lazily loading the package.

  ;; Optionally configure preview. The default value
  ;; is 'any, such that any key triggers the preview.
  ;; (setq consult-preview-key 'any)
  ;; (setq consult-preview-key "M-.")
  ;; (setq consult-preview-key '("S-<down>" "S-<up>"))
  ;; For some commands and buffer sources it is useful to configure the
  ;; :preview-key on a per-command basis using the `consult-customize' macro.
   consult-theme :preview-key '(:debounce 0.2 any)
   consult-ripgrep consult-git-grep consult-grep
   consult-bookmark consult-recent-file consult-xref
   consult--source-bookmark consult--source-file-register
   consult--source-recent-file consult--source-project-recent-file
   ;; :preview-key "M-."
   :preview-key '(:debounce 0.4 any))

  ;; Optionally configure the narrowing key.
  ;; Both < and C-+ work reasonably well.
  (setq consult-narrow-key "<") ;; "C-+"

  ;; Optionally make narrowing help available in the minibuffer.
  ;; You may want to use `embark-prefix-help-command' or which-key instead.
  ;; (define-key consult-narrow-map (vconcat consult-narrow-key "?") #'consult-narrow-help)

  ;; By default `consult-project-function' uses `project-root' from project.el.
  ;; Optionally configure a different project root function.
  ;;;; 1. project.el (the default)
  ;; (setq consult-project-function #'consult--default-project--function)
  ;;;; 2. vc.el (vc-root-dir)
  ;; (setq consult-project-function (lambda (_) (vc-root-dir)))
  ;;;; 3. locate-dominating-file
  ;; (setq consult-project-function (lambda (_) (locate-dominating-file "." ".git")))
  ;;;; 4. projectile.el (projectile-project-root)
  ;; (autoload 'projectile-project-root "projectile")
  ;; (setq consult-project-function (lambda (_) (projectile-project-root)))
  ;;;; 5. No project support
  ;; (setq consult-project-function nil)

3.2 Custom variables

TIP: If you have Marginalia installed, type ‘M-x customize-variable RET ^consult’ to see all Consult-specific customizable variables with their current values and abbreviated description. Alternatively, type ‘C-h a ^consult’ to get an overview of all Consult variables and functions with their descriptions.

consult-after-jump-hookFunctions to call after jumping to a location
consult-async-input-debounceInput debounce for asynchronous commands
consult-async-input-throttleInput throttle for asynchronous commands
consult-async-min-inputMinimum numbers of input characters
consult-async-refresh-delayRefresh delay for asynchronous commands
consult-async-split-styleSplitting style used for async commands
consult-async-split-styles-alistAvailable splitting styles used for async commands
consult-bookmark-narrowNarrowing configuration for ‘consult-bookmark
consult-buffer-filterFilter for ‘consult-buffer
consult-buffer-sourcesList of virtual buffer sources
consult-fd-argsCommand line arguments for fd
consult-find-argsCommand line arguments for find
consult-fontify-max-sizeBuffers larger than this limit are not fontified
consult-fontify-preservePreserve fontification for line-based commands.
consult-git-grep-argsCommand line arguments for git-grep
consult-goto-line-numbersShow line numbers for ‘consult-goto-line
consult-grep-max-columnsMaximal number of columns of the matching lines
consult-grep-argsCommand line arguments for grep
consult-imenu-configMode-specific configuration for ‘consult-imenu
consult-line-numbers-widenShow absolute line numbers when narrowing is active
consult-line-start-from-topStart the ‘consult-line’ search from the top
consult-locate-argsCommand line arguments for locate
consult-man-argsCommand line arguments for man
consult-mode-command-filterFilter for ‘consult-mode-command
consult-mode-historiesMode-specific history variables
consult-narrow-keyNarrowing prefix key during completion
consult-point-placementPlacement of the point when jumping to matches
consult-preview-keyKeys which triggers preview
consult-preview-allowed-hooksList of ‘find-file’ hooks to enable during preview
consult-preview-excluded-filesRegexps matched against file names during preview
consult-preview-max-countMaximum number of files to keep open during preview
consult-preview-partial-sizeFiles larger than this size are previewed partially
consult-preview-partial-chunkSize of the file chunk which is previewed partially
consult-preview-variablesAlist of variables to bind during preview
consult-project-buffer-sourcesList of virtual project buffer sources
consult-project-functionFunction which returns current project root
consult-register-prefixPrefix string for register keys during completion
consult-ripgrep-argsCommand line arguments for ripgrep
consult-themesList of themes to be presented for selection
consult-widen-keyWidening key during completion
consult-yank-rotateRotate kill ring

3.3 Fine-tuning of individual commands

NOTE: Consult supports fine-grained customization of individual commands. This configuration feature exists for experienced users with special requirements. There is the Consult wiki, where we collect further configuration examples.

Commands and buffer sources allow flexible, individual customization by using the ‘consult-customize’ macro. You can override any option passed to the internal ‘consult--read’ API. Note that since ‘consult--read’ is part of the internal API, options could be removed, replaced or renamed in future versions of the package.

Useful options are:

  • :prompt’ set the prompt string
  • :preview-key’ set the preview key, default is ‘consult-preview-key
  • :initial’ set the initial input
  • :default’ set the default value
  • :history’ set the history variable symbol
  • :add-history’ add items to the future history, for example symbol at point
  • :sort’ enable or disable sorting
  • :group’ set to nil to disable candidate grouping and titles.
  • :inherit-input-method’ set to non-nil to inherit the input method.
 ;; Disable preview for `consult-theme' completely.
 consult-theme :preview-key nil
 ;; Set preview for `consult-buffer' to key `M-.'
 consult-buffer :preview-key "M-."
 ;; For `consult-line' change the prompt and specify multiple preview
 ;; keybindings. Note that you should bind <S-up> and <S-down> in the
 ;; `minibuffer-local-completion-map' or `vertico-map' to the commands which
 ;; select the previous or next candidate.
 consult-line :prompt "Search: "
 :preview-key '("S-<down>" "S-<up>"))

The configuration values are evaluated at runtime, just before the completion session is started. Therefore you can use for example ‘thing-at-point’ to adjust the initial input or the future history.

 :add-history (seq-some #'thing-at-point '(region symbol)))

(defalias 'consult-line-thing-at-point 'consult-line)

 :initial (thing-at-point 'symbol))

Generally it is possible to modify commands for your individual needs by the following techniques:

  1. Use ‘consult-customize’ in order to change the command or source settings.
  2. Create your own wrapper function which passes modified arguments to the Consult functions.
  3. Create your own buffer multi sources for ‘consult-buffer’.
  4. Create advices to modify some internal behavior.
  5. Write or propose a patch.

5 Bug reports

If you find a bug or suspect that there is a problem with Consult, please carry out the following steps:

  1. Search through the issue tracker if your issue has been reported before (and has been resolved eventually) in the meantime.
  2. Remove all packages involved in the suspected bug from your installation.
  3. Reinstall the newest version of all relevant packages. Updating alone is not sufficient, since package.el sometimes causes miscompilation. The list of packages includes Consult, Compat, Vertico or other completion UIs, Marginalia, Embark and Orderless.
  4. Either use the default completion UI or ensure that exactly one of ‘vertico-mode’, ‘mct-mode’, or ‘icomplete-mode’ is enabled. The unsupported modes ‘selectrum-mode’, ‘ivy-mode’, ‘helm-mode’, ‘ido-mode’ and ‘ido-ubiquitous-mode’ must be disabled.
  5. Ensure that the ‘completion-styles’ variable is properly configured. Try to set ‘completion-styles’ to a list including ‘substring’ or ‘orderless’.
  6. Try to reproduce the issue by starting a bare bone Emacs instance with ‘emacs -Q’ on the command line. Execute the following minimal code snippets in the scratch buffer. This way we can exclude side effects due to configuration settings. If other packages are relevant to reproduce the issue, include them in the minimal configuration snippet.

Minimal setup with Vertico for ‘emacs -Q’:

(require 'consult)
(require 'vertico)
(setq completion-styles '(substring basic))

Minimal setup with the default completion system for ‘emacs -Q’:

(require 'consult)
(setq completion-styles '(substring basic))

Please provide the necessary important information with your bug report:

When evaluating Consult-related code snippets you should enable lexical binding. Consult often relies on lambdas and lexical closures.

6 Contributions

Consult is a community effort, please participate in the discussions. Contributions are welcome, but you may want to discuss potential contributions first. Since this package is part of GNU ELPA contributions require a copyright assignment to the FSF.

If you have a proposal, take a look at the Consult issue tracker and the Consult wishlist. There have been many prior feature discussions. Please search through the issue tracker, maybe your issue or feature request has already been discussed. You can contribute to the Consult wiki, in case you want to share small configuration or command snippets.

7 Acknowledgments

This package took inspiration from Counsel by Oleh Krehel. Some of the Consult commands originated in the Counsel package or the wiki of the Selectrum package. This package exists only thanks to the help of these great contributors and thanks to the feedback of many users. Thank you!

Code contributions: Aymeric Agon-Rambosson, Amos Bird, Ashton Wiersdorf, Adam Spiers, Augusto Stoffel, Clemens Radermacher, Zhengyi, Geoffrey Lessel, Illia Ostapyshyn, jakanakaevangeli, JD Smith, Jean-Philippe Bernardy, mattiasdrp, Mohamed Abdelnour, Mohsin Kaleem, Fox Kiester, Omar Antolín Camarena, Earl Hyatt, Omar Polo, Piotr Kwiecinski, Robert Weiner, Sergey Kostyaev, Alexandru Scvorțov, Tecosaur, Sylvain Rousseau, Tom Fitzhenry, Iñigo Serna and Alex Kreisher.

Advice and useful discussions: Enrique Kessler Martínez, Adam Porter, Bruce d’Arcus, Clemens Radermacher, Dmitry Gutov, Howard Melman, Itai Y. Efrat, JD Smith, Manuel Uberti, Stefan Monnier, Omar Antolín Camarena, Steve Purcell, Radon Rosborough, Tom Fitzhenry and Protesilaos Stavrou.

8 Indices

Next: , Up: Indices   [Contents][Index]

8.1 Function index

Jump to:   C  
Index Entry  Section

consult-bookmark: Virtual Buffers
consult-buffer: Virtual Buffers
consult-buffer-other-frame: Virtual Buffers
consult-buffer-other-tab: Virtual Buffers
consult-buffer-other-window: Virtual Buffers
consult-compile-error: Compilation
consult-completion-in-region: Miscellaneous
consult-complex-command: Histories
consult-fd: Grep and Find
consult-find: Grep and Find
consult-flymake: Compilation
consult-focus-lines: Search
consult-git-grep: Grep and Find
consult-global-mark: Navigation
consult-goto-line: Navigation
consult-grep: Grep and Find
consult-history: Histories
consult-imenu: Navigation
consult-imenu-multi: Navigation
consult-info: Help
consult-isearch-history: Histories
consult-keep-lines: Search
consult-kmacro: Editing
consult-line: Search
consult-line-multi: Search
consult-locate: Grep and Find
consult-man: Help
consult-mark: Navigation
consult-minor-mode-menu: Modes
consult-mode-command: Modes
consult-org-agenda: Org Mode
consult-org-heading: Org Mode
consult-outline: Navigation
consult-preview-at-point: Miscellaneous
consult-preview-at-point-mode: Miscellaneous
consult-project-buffer: Virtual Buffers
consult-recent-file: Virtual Buffers
consult-register: Register
consult-register-format: Register
consult-register-load: Register
consult-register-store: Register
consult-register-window: Register
consult-ripgrep: Grep and Find
consult-theme: Miscellaneous
consult-xref: Compilation
consult-yank-from-kill-ring: Editing
consult-yank-pop: Editing
consult-yank-replace: Editing

Jump to:   C