To install this package, run in Emacs:
M-x package-install RET project RET
This file contains generic infrastructure for dealing with projects, some utility functions, and commands using that infrastructure. The goal is to make it easier for Lisp programs to operate on the current project, without having to know which package handles detection of that project type, parsing its config files, etc. This file consists of following parts: Infrastructure (the public API): Function `project-current' that returns the current project instance based on the value of the hook `project-find-functions', and several generic functions that act on it. `project-root' must be defined for every project. `project-files' can be overridden for performance purposes. `project-ignores' and `project-external-roots' describe the project files and its relations to external directories. `project-files' should be consistent with `project-ignores'. `project-buffers' can be overridden if the project has some unusual shape (e.g. it contains files residing outside of its root, or some files inside the root must not be considered a part of it). It should be consistent with `project-files'. This list can change in future versions. Transient project: An instance of this type can be returned by `project-current' if no project was detected automatically, and the user had to pick a directory manually. The fileset it describes is the whole directory, with the exception of some standard ignored files and directories. This type has little purpose otherwise, as the only generic function it provides an override for is `project-root'. VC-aware project: Originally conceived as an example implementation, now it's a relatively fast backend that delegates to 'git ls-files' or 'hg status' to list the project's files. It honors the VC ignore files, but supports additions to the list using the user option `project-vc-ignores' (usually through .dir-locals.el). See the customization group `project-vc' for other options that control its behavior. If the repository is using any other VCS than Git or Hg, the file listing uses the default mechanism based on `find-program'. This project type can also be used for non-VCS controlled directories, see the variable `project-vc-extra-root-markers'. Utils: `project-combine-directories' and `project-subtract-directories', mainly for use in the abovementioned generics' implementations. `project-known-project-roots' and `project-remember-project' to interact with the "known projects" list. Commands: `project-prefix-map' contains the full list of commands defined in this package. This map uses the prefix `C-x p' by default. Type `C-x p f' to find file in the current project. Type `C-x p C-h' to see all available commands and bindings. All commands defined in this package are implemented using the public API only. As a result, they will work with any project backend that follows the protocol. Any third-party code that wants to use this package should likewise target the public API. Use any of the built-in commands as the example. How to create a new backend: - Consider whether you really should, or whether there are other ways to reach your goals. If the backend's performance is significantly lower than that of the built-in one, and it's first in the list, it will affect all commands that use it. Unless you are going to be using it only yourself or in special circumstances, you will probably want it to be fast, and it's unlikely to be a trivial endeavor. `project-files' is the method to optimize (the default implementation gets slower the more files the directory has, and the longer the list of ignores is). - Choose the format of the value that represents a project for your backend (we call it project instance). Don't use any of the formats from other backends. The format can be arbitrary, as long as the datatype is something `cl-defmethod' can dispatch on. The value should be stable (when compared with `equal') across invocations, meaning calls to that function from buffers belonging to the same project should return equal values. - Write a new function that will determine the current project based on the directory and add it to `project-find-functions' (which see) using `add-hook'. It is a good idea to depend on the directory only, and not on the current major mode, for example. Because the usual expectation is that all files in the directory belong to the same project (even if some/most of them are ignored). - Define new methods for some or all generic functions for this backend using `cl-defmethod'. A `project-root' method is mandatory, `project-files' is recommended, the rest are optional.